Keeping wastes, chemicals, and hazardous materials away from wells and water systems is the first step in keeping contaminants out of your water system. Homeowners relying on groundwater should consider annual well inspection of the well and area around it.
- Wells should have locking caps to keep any substances from falling into the well casing.
- Well casing should also be inspected to ensure it is not damaged at the surface and that the concrete well apron is not cracked or damaged in any way that would allow contaminants.
- If wellhead damage is observed, the well or apron can be repaired to provide protection of the water source.
- Wellhead protection should also include the surveillance of any human activity changes around the wellhead, such as increased automobile parking or farming activities, that could release pollutants affecting groundwater.